Middlesex , Sussex and Wessex during the Heptarchy. Originally recorded in AD , Essex occupied territory to the north of the River Thames , incorporating all of what later became Middlesex which probably included Surrey and most of what later became Hertfordshire. Its territory was later restricted to lands east of the River Lea. After the Norman conquest, Essex became a county. During the medieval period, much of the area was designated a Royal forest , including the entire county in a period to , when the area “north of the Stanestreet” was disafforested. However, County Boroughs of West Ham — , Southend-on-Sea —  and East Ham — formed part of the county but were unitary authorities not under county council control. Parish-level administration — changes A few Essex parishes have been transferred to other counties.
They failed to persuade Fulham Football Club to adopt the ground as their home after a dispute over the rent, so Mears considered selling to the Great Western Railway Company, who wanted to use the land as a coal-dumping yard. There is an unconfirmed story regarding the incident that claims Mears was on the verge of selling, and was being persuaded by his colleague Fred Parker not to, when Mears’ scotch terrier bit Parker on the leg.
Parker took the incident in good spirit so Mears, impressed by this, decided to take his colleague’s advice and found a new football club to play at Stamford Bridge. Chelsea were denied entry to the Southern League following objections from Fulham and Tottenham Hotspur, so instead, applied for admission to the Football League.
Their candidacy was endorsed at the Football League AGM on May 29, , with a speech by Parker, which emphasised the new club’s financial stability and its impressive new stadium and team playing an important part. Blue shirts were adopted by Mears, after the racing colours of Lord Chelsea, along with white shorts and dark blue socks.
The winter of was very cold, and the frost was persistent. Britain’s last Frost Fair was held on the frozen River Thames, where the ice around Blackfriars Bridge was thick enough to bear the weight of an elephant.
The ceremonial county of Essex is bounded to the south by the River Thames and its estuary a boundary shared with Kent ; to the southwest by Greater London ; to the west by Hertfordshire with the boundary largely defined by the River Lea and the Stort ; to the northwest by Cambridgeshire ; to the north by Suffolk , a boundary mainly defined by the River Stour ; and to the east by the North Sea. The pattern of settlement in the county is diverse. The Metropolitan Green Belt has effectively prevented the further sprawl of London into the county, although it contains the new towns of Basildon and Harlow , originally developed to resettle Londoners following the destruction of London housing in World War II, since which significantly developed and expanded.
Epping Forest also acts as a protected barrier to the further spread of London. Because of its proximity to London and the economic magnetism which that city exerts, many of Essex’s settlements, particularly those on or within short driving distance of railway stations, function as dormitory towns or villages where London workers raise their families. The village of Finchingfield in north Essex Skyline of Southend-on-Sea Part of the south east of the county, already containing the major population centres of Basildon , Southend and Thurrock , is within the Thames Gateway and designated for further development.
Parts of the south west of the county such as Buckhurst Hill and Chigwell are contiguous with Greater London neighbourhoods and so for some purposes these are included in the statistical unit the Greater London Urban Area. A small part of the south west of the county Sewardstone , is the only settlement outside Greater London to be covered by a postcode district of the London post town E4.
To the north of the green belt, with the exception of major towns such as Colchester and Chelmsford , the county is rural, with many small towns, villages and hamlets largely built in the traditional materials of timber and brick, with clay tile or thatched roofs. Economy Edit Industry is largely limited to the south of the county, with the majority of the land elsewhere being given over to agriculture.
The patent numbers you will find on the triangular plate on the timing cover and in period brochures refer to several Triumph features by now standard across the range. The T21 was designed from the outset as a machine incorporating for then; modern features and aimed to attract new buyers looking for clean inexpensive transport. The design brief was for a clean, high performance, cc roadster and the components and specifications applied reflect this.
A bolted on sub frame supports the seat and rear suspension while additional welded on brackets are provided for other components. The headset and engine bridge support are malleable-iron castings. For this early frame the Trail is
*** New rules for travelcards starting 1st October *** The original page upto 30th September has been archived.. If the Olympics has taught me one thing it is that there is a lot of confusion about how to use both Oyster and a paper ticket on a journey from outside London.
It is an opportunity for us to reflect on the language and ideas that represented each year. So, take a stroll down memory lane to remember all of our past Word of the Year selections. Change It wasn’t trendy , funny, nor was it coined on Twitter , but we thought change told a real story about how our users defined Unlike in , change was no longer a campaign slogan.
But, the term still held a lot of weight. Here’s an excerpt from our Word of the Year announcement in
Actually this is really great way to see all the golf courses around Essex at a glance. You will see distances and directions from you location and of course the all-important telephone number to check green fees and whether you can play when you want to play. Whenever I want to play it seems to be a Medal Day! If you would like a cheap round of golf ask whether they do a Twilight rate.
Fly shunted 48 Watchet Harbour c with LMS wagon loaded with esparto grass? being shunted by horse and SS Bodil. John Alsop. Invicta at Canterbury. David Lionel Salomons, a Director of the South Eastern & Chatham Railway arranged for Invicta to be presented to the City of Canterbury in It was accepted by the Mayor F. Bennett-Golney.
Carmelo Pappalardo has been jailed for nine years Get daily news updates directly to your inbox Subscribe Thank you for subscribingWe have more newsletters Show me See our privacy notice Could not subscribe, try again laterInvalid Email An angry brother, who mowed down his sister in his car after a family row over a selfie, has been jailed for nine years. Carmelo Pappalardo was branded “wicked and vindictive” by a judge after his sister was so badly injured she spent six-and-a-half weeks in hospital.
His sister Anna Sciara was sent flying into the air from the impact and suffered multiple fractures to her pelvis and hairline fractures to her ribs. Her older brother then drove away from the scene in his Fiat leaving her lying in a hedge and unable to move. The pair had argued just minutes earlier when the brother refused to let Anna and another sister, Rita, take a photograph of themselves with their elderly father at his maisonette in Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire.
Anna Sciara was injured by her brother Read More On Tuesday, Pappalardo, 57, appeared at St Albans crown court to be sentenced, while his sisters watched from the public gallery. She had no time to get out of the way.
History[ edit ] “Epinga”, a small community of a few scattered farms and a chapel on the edge of the forest, is mentioned in the Domesday Book of However, the settlement referred to is known today as Epping Upland. It is not known for certain when the present-day Epping was first settled.
The Locomotive Magazine and Railway Carriage and Wagon Review Volume 42 () Key page. Number (15 January ) Diesel engines for rail traction. Editorial summary of paper presented to the Institute of Transport by C.E. Fairburn and comment thereat by .
History[ edit ] Archaeological evidence suggests continuous settlement on or near the site of Saffron Walden from at least the Neolithic period. Walden Castle , dating from about , may have been built on pre-existing fortifications. After the dissolution of the monasteries , Sir Thomas Audley converted its cloisters into a dwelling. Later this became the site of Audley End House. This Tuesday market was held from The focus of the town moved southwards to Market Square.
The main trading item in medieval times was wool, and a guild hall was built by the wool-staplers in the market place. This was demolished in to make way for a corn exchange. The flower was valuable, as the extract from the stigmas was used in medicines, as a condiment, in perfume, as an aphrodisiac, and as an expensive yellow dye. The industry gave Walden its name. The population was influenced by the missionary John Eliot. While the town was the headquarters of the New Model Army , Lieutenant-General of Horse, Oliver Cromwell paid a day visit in May , taking part in debates to seek a settlement between Parliament and the army.
Castra Batava] Passau II: The Alpine Forelands lie south of the Granite Plateau. Gypsy camp in Burgenland S of Vienna near Hungary. Labor Education Camp] Marianberger Komturia: Overland Town Vienna Bahamas: English controlled since
Part 1: Eastern Counties Railway and early Great Eastern Railway years. The present () Cambridge station is the only still-open survivor of several which once served the City of Cambridge if we are to consider the city by its 21st century boundaries.
Stansted Airport was closed for several hours while there were long delays at Bristol, Birmingham, and Luton Airports while snow was removed from the runways. The floor of Ryde Tunnel twin single track bores was raised in to reduce the risk of flooding but the resultant reduced headroom means that modern efficient rolling stock need more than the available headroom.
The floor could be lowered again and modern powerful pumps could prevent flooding. An extension from Shanklin to Ventnor through a yard long tunnel could be cost effective if modern stock was used. The railway has around services per day, most moving at 90 mph, and the foot crossing has been deemed to be a major potential danger spot since the children may not be able to judge the speed of approaching trains. EAST CROYDON The experimental installation of a double row of small blue lights along the edge of platforms 1 and 2 has been deemed a success and the lights are to be fitted along all platforms at the station.
Around homeless people were given a free quality turkey Christmas lunch. Increasing traffic on the roads has made it difficult to keep to the present timetable so running times will be eased slightly and turn round time at termini will be increased slightly. A reduced service applied between New Street and Birmingham International with buses replacing trains between Rugby and Northampton.
It was considered that to turn the Trafford Park cars at Victoria could cause operational difficulties. A week of celebrations with special services will mark the th Anniversary of the opening of the first section of the Manx Electric Railway during September One option is to operate this service with heritage trams and for a link to the existing tramway to Blackpool be made at the Fleetwood terminus.
AYR A derailment of an emu at Ayr Depot late on 21 December meant that some units were trapped in the sidings and the morning service to Glasgow was reduced until the derailed train could be brought back on to the rails and moved away at around